Internet en Cuba

 

Video of ASCE presentation

Presented at:

ASCE’s Twenty First Annual Meeting
“Cuba’s Evolving Socio-Economic and Political Landscape”

See:

Past, Present and Future of the Internet in Cuba.

 

Historical data:

 

The US cable:  1991

Cuba had access to internet at least 5 years earlier via a cable.
The Heinz Endowments, two foundations with combined assets of more than
$1 billion, have donated $8 million to the Tides Foundation and Center
since 1994, but the foundations insist the money went to projects in
Pennsylvania.

Critics say, however, that Tides money helped Castro’s Cuba by donating
funds to the Institute for Global Communications, whose Canadian
affiliate in 1991 used an undersea cable link from Havana to Sprint in
the United States – connecting Cuba to the Internet.

http://www.newsmax.com/archives/ic/2004/8/11/222217.shtm

“The Tides Foundation contributed $13,000 to the Institute for Global
Communications between 1993 and 2002, Tides spokesman Christopher
Herrera said in a statement. Tides’ Canadian affiliate in 1991 used an
undersea cable link from Havana to Sprint in the United States to
connect Cuba to the Internet.”
http://www.pittsburghlive.com/x/pittsburghtrib/s_207828.html

 

 

Satelite: 1996

Note: this author seem to have been unaware of the sprint cable connection.
It is indeed not widely known.

In October 1996 Cuba first connected full time to the Internet, and in 1998 Cuba had only a single 64-Kbps satellite connection run by Sprint in Florida and allowed by an exception for communications to the U.S. trade embargo.
http://opennet.net/research/profiles/cuba

Currently Cuba still uses its satellite connection with a 65 Mb/s upload bandwidth and a 124 Mb/s download bandwidth for the entire country.
Fibre optics:

Other firms tried to get in to Cuba with fiber optics from the US and Jamaica, every time nothing ever got realized even after US approval.

USA 1999: Projecto Unidad

In 1999 the planned construction of a 40 Gbps Undersea Cable to Cuba was announced by Quest Net Corp. While Quest stated there were no legal impediments in the US, Cuba never allowed it.

“The “Projecto Unidad” system is being designed primarily for data and will only carry Internet and data traffic. Quest Net Corp. therefore will not be involved in settlement of telephone tariffs, which is a point of contention between the USA and CUBA. After preliminary contact with OFAC (Office of Foreign Asset Control), FCC (Federal Communications Commission), State and Commerce Departments, the management of the Company is confident that there is no violation of the Cuban Democratic Act in its proposal as Internet traffic is already widely available between the United States and Cuba. The company will not begin construction until such time as permission has been secured and the proper licenses have been obtained from both governments. Although no assurances can be given, the company believes that it will be able to comply with all requirements in order to complete this project.”
http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_1999_March_10/ai_54061872/

Jamaica 2006

Trans-Caribbean to build new fibre link to Cuba
Friday  August 18, 2006

Ashford W. Meikle, Business Reporter – Jamaica Gleaner

TCCC Jamaica, one of three companies licensed to construct and operate an international sub-sea fibre-optic cable facility to Jamaica, wants to build another link from Cuba, and has asked the Office of UtilitiesRegulation (OUR) to amend its licence accordingly.
http://www.jamaicanap.com/news011.html

US 2009

In 2009 various initiatives were undertaken in the US to connect Cuba, all refused by the Castro regime. A proposed cable for Internet from Key West to Havana was not allowed by the Castro regime.

Cuba: No deal with US telecoms“, GlobalPost, Nick Miroff, October 18, 2009 ,
Cuba rebuffs key Obama initiative that would have opened the island to better cell phone and internet service.
Source: Cuba: No deal on US telecommunications | GlobalPost – http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/cuba/091018/cuba-says-no-deal-us-telecoms

El régimen insinúa que no aceptará un cable de internet desde EE UU y esgrime razones de ‘seguridad nacional’ – Noticias – Cuba – cubaencuentro.com (26 October 2009)
http://www.cubaencuentro.com/es/cuba/noticias/el-regimen-insinua-que-no-aceptara-un-cable-de-internet-desde-ee-uu-y-esgrime-razones-de-seguridad-nacional-219246

Fiber-optic cable to link Key West and Havana – Business –
MiamiHerald.com (13 October 2009)
http://www.miamiherald.com/business/story/1279401.html

Venezuela 2011

In February 2011 the undersea cable from Venezuela reaches Cuba.

Jamaica 2013

Fiber optic cable linking Cuba to Jamaica active“, Miami Herald, By Juan O. Tamayo, Tuesday, 05.21.13
Cuba has activated a branch of its submarine fiber optic cable that
connects to Jamaica, giving it greater bandwidth and a backup in case the main leg to Venezuela is not available, according to a U.S. company that monitors global Internet traffic.
http://www.miamiherald.com/2013/05/21/3409338/fiber-optic-cable-linking-cuba.html#storylink=cpy

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