Internet en Cuba

Posted on Sun, Jun. 24, 2007

Castro: If youth fail, everything will
Associated Press Writer

Fidel Castro reached out to Cuban youth on Sunday, warning that "If the
young people fail, everything will fail" in an acknowledgment that
motivating Cubans too young to remember his 1959 revolution is often a

New generations of Cubans, unlike the 80-year-old Castro and his
gray-haired contemporaries, have no direct connection to the guerrilla
uprising that toppled dictator Fulgencio Batista. Officials say their
communist system will nonetheless long survive its founders – and little
has changed on the island since Castro handed power to a provisional
government headed by his brother while he recovers from a serious illness.

But these days, many young Cubans are more interested in access to the
Internet, music, television and movies than upholding revolutionary ideals.

"None of you were alive when the Revolution triumphed," Castro wrote in
a letter to the Communist Youth Union. "Its roots were sustained in
every act of sacrifice and heroism of an admirable people, who knew how
to confront all obstacles."

He went on to write: "If the young people fail, everything will fail. It
is my profound conviction that the Cuban youth will fight to stop that.
I believe in you."

Castro has not appeared in public for almost 11 months, since emergency
intestinal surgery forced him to cede power to his 76-year-old brother Raul.

His letter, which appeared in the Communist Party youth newspaper
Juventud Rebelde and was read on state-run television, came in response
to an optimistic letter the youth union sent to their "Commander in Chief."

"The young people of this land believe, with profound conviction, in the
free and sovereign future of Cuba; in the preservation of the work of
art we built and the happiness of revolutionaries now and forever," the
union wrote.

Many other young Cubans are unconvinced – and the government's answer
has been the "Battle of Ideas," a catch-phrase for efforts to win them
over through improvements in education, housing, health care and the
everyday quality of life.

The program began by training troubled youths to be teachers and social
workers and rebuilding dilapidated homes, schools and hospitals. It has
since expanded to Cubans of all ages and includes efforts to improve
hurricane tracking systems, train Olympic athletes and build
multipurpose theaters in every town.

Damian Fernandez, a Cuban-American academic, says the initiative is an
acknowledgment by the Cuban government that it needs to deliver tangible

"Symbolic politics aren't enough anymore," said Fernandez, head of the
Cuban Research Institute at Miami's Florida International University.
"Arroz and frijoles politics is what they need," he said.

Those "rice and beans" results include hundreds of refurbished medical
facilities, thousands of new teachers and cultural offerings such as
book and video clubs.

Still, it's not hard to find teenagers who say such things are not enough.

"The Battle of Ideas has nothing to do with change. It is the opposite,"
said Francisco Hernandez, a 22-year-old English major at the University
of Havana who described Cuba's communism as "broken" and complained of
gaping income gaps.

"Some people have money, some people can travel. Some people can live in
big houses and eat in restaurants," he said in slow but near flawless
English. "The rest of us can do none of that."

Other Cuban officials have acknowledged this frustration. Cabinet
Secretary Carlos Lage said as much in April when he told communist youth
leaders that the current system is "not as ideal as the one we wished
for, or achieved years ago."

"We always knew the biggest challenge … is to instill in young people
a communist conscience and rejection of capitalism, without having lived
in it, without having seen the moral damage it produces," Lage said.

Luis Fernandez, a finance director at Havana's Fructuoso Rodriguez
Orthopedic Hospital, said he is grateful that his 60-year-old facility
was among 84 hospitals and 500 clinics renovated as part of the Battle
of Ideas. On a recent Saturday, patients filled the air-conditioned
waiting room and many areas still smelled of new paint, though the power

"It was terrible here before," he said. "There were almost no windows,
the electric system practically didn't work."

But a lack of basic freedoms outweigh benefits like free university
education, said Maria, a philosophy student at the University of Havana
who feared getting thrown out of school if her surname was published.

"Battle of Ideas? That's just politics," said the 18-year-old. "It
doesn't help us."

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